Lemon Butterflyfish

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Chaetodon miliaris - Quoy & Gaimard, 1825
Lemon Butterflyfish

A Hawaiian native and among the most durable of butterflyfishes. Scott W. Michael

[edit] Overview

The Lemon Butterflyfish is probably the hardiest of the American native butterflyfishes, making its home on the reefs of the Aloha State. It is a good choice as a first butterflyfish.

Family: Chaetodontidae

Other common name(s):

  • Milletseed Butterflyfish
  • Millet Butterflyfish
  • Lemon Butterfly

Native range:

Habitat: Reef or reef-sand interface. Swimming space is important for this species.

Maximum length: 13 cm (5 in)

Minimum aquarium size: 285 L (75 gal)

Water: Marine 24 °C (297 K, 75 °F) - 28 °C (301 K, 82 °F)

General swimming level: All levels.

[edit] Feeding

Omnivore. Feed a varied diet of meaty and algae-based foods at least three times a day. Yellow individuals may fade in color if not given color-enhancing foods at least several times each week.

[edit] Aquarium Compatibility

In nature, the Lemon Butterflyfish spends lots of time swimming in the open water looking for zooplankton. In the aquarium, it spends time in both the water column and just above the aquarium substrate.

[edit] Breeding/Propagation

Egg scatterers that produce pelagic eggs, often in midwater mating rituals. Both eggs and larvae that drift with plankton in the water column and settle back onto a reef at about the time of metamorphosis. These are among the most challenging types of marine fishes to propagate in captivity.

[edit] Notes

This is a peaceful butterflyfish that can be kept in pairs or even in small groups if the tank is large enough. If one individual starts picking on others, remove the bully. It is not inclined to bother other fish tankmates, but may be badgered by the “usual suspects” (large damselfishes, some angelfishes, surgeonfishes, triggerfishes). This species is not suitable for most reef aquariums, as it will feed on a wide variety of ornamental invertebrates—but it is sometimes kept with unpalatable, tree-like soft corals.

Reference: 101 Best Saltwater Fishes
Image credit: SWM
Text credit: SWM
Facts about Lemon ButterflyfishRDF feed
Common name Lemon Butterflyfish  +, Milletseed Butterflyfish  +, Millet Butterflyfish  +, and Lemon Butterfly  +
Family Chaetodontidae  +
Genus Chaetodon  +
Image credit SWM  +
Maximum length 5 in  +
Minimum aquarium size 75 gal  +
Native range Hawaii  +, and Johnston Atoll  +
Reference 101 Best Saltwater Fishes  +
Specific name miliaris  +
Swimming level All levels.  +
Text credit SWM  +
Water max temp 301 K (28 °C, 82 °F)  +
Water min temp 297 K (24 °C, 75 °F)  +
Water type Marine  +