Brackishwater Plants and Algae

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Mangrove swamp, home to many brackishwater species and marine fish juveniles. Pruned or "bonsai" mangrove trees are becoming popular plants in home aquariums and refugium systems. Photograph courtesy NOAA

Aquatic Plants

Division Magnoliophyta

Flowering Plants

  • Number of Living Species: 230,000 (a fraction of a percent are marine).
  • Common Characteristics of seagrasses & mangroves: marine plants with the same basic structure as terrestrial flowering plants; adapted to saline water; able to grow when submerged; anchoring system to withstand wave action and tidal currents; water-pollinated.


Division Chlorophyta

Green Algae

Number of Living Species: 9,000-12,000, about 10 percent marine.

Common Characteristics: contain chlorophylls a and b; starch stored inside chloroplast.

Division Chromophyta

Diatoms, Golden Algae, Brown Algae, Kelps

  • Number of Living Species: 18,000, freshwater and marine.
  • Common Characteristics: most contain chlorophyll a; carotenoids present; starch stored outside chloroplast.

From: Reef Life by Denise Nielsen Tackett

Editor's Note: More Brackishwater Plants coming soon.

Brackishwater Plants and Algae

Brackishwater BioGroups Plants and Algae families:

 Brackishwater Plants and Algae

Reference: 101 Best Aquarium Plants
Text credit: DNT