Serpae Tetra

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Hyphessobrycon eques - (Steindachner, 1882)
Serpae Tetra

A colorful, peaceful species that should be kept in schools.


A mainstay of the tropical aquarium world for decades, this is a great community tank fish and beautiful fish than can be recommended to beginning aquarists. It should be kept in groups, ideally 5 to 7 or more. In small tank, a trio do much better than a single specimen. A school of 12 or more in a large planted tank is a wonderful sight.

Family: Characidae

Other common name(s):

  • Jewel Tetra

Native range:

Habitat: Prefers quiet waters with plantings offering shelter along the back wall, some driftwood structure, and open swimming space in midground and front.

Maximum height: 3.1 cm (1 in)

Minimum aquarium size: 38 L (10 gal)

Water: Freshwater 24 °C (75 °F) - 28 °C (82 °F)

General swimming level: Mid-water to top.


Omnivore. Will take most fishfoods, including bloodworms, brine shrimp, mosquito larvae, and dried preparations including ''Spirulina''. Color enhancing foods should be offered several times each week.

Aquarium Compatibility

A peaceful fish and one of the few that can be recommended as companions of Discus.


Oviparous, scattering adhesive eggs in bushy plants.


Formerly known as Hemigrammus serpae.

Image credit: JJ
Text credit: JL