Buffalo Cichlid

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Steatocranus casuarius - Poll, 1939
Buffalo Cichlid

Excellent aquarium species from the Congo River basin. JJPhoto.dk

[edit] Overview

With a distinctively humped brow on mature males and a herky-jerky swimming motion, this is a relatively peaceful African species that has many fans among cichlid fanciers.

Like marine hawkfishes and gobies, the Buffalo Cichlid tends to move in darting motions and will often be seen resting on the substrate. (It's reduced swim bladder doesn't allow extending free swimming in the water column.)

They are undemanding and can thrive in a range of water conditions. Well-filtered water with some active current will help replicate their natural habitats.

Pairs will breed readily if properly conditioned and provide excellent parental care of their broods, even in community tank conditions.

Family: Cichlidae

Other common name(s):

  • Blockhead Cichlid
  • Lionhead Cichlid
  • Lumphead Cichlid

Native range:

Habitat: In the wild, this species is found in fast-flowing waters with rocky bottoms. Needs caves and protected hiding places, especially for spawning.

Maximum length: 10 cm (4 in)

Minimum aquarium size: 114 L (30 gal)

Water: Freshwater 24 °C (297 K, 75 °F) - 28 °C (301 K, 82 °F)

General swimming level: Near substrate.

[edit] Feeding

Omnivore. Easy to feed, but occasional meals of frozen or live worms will help encourage growth and breeding.

[edit] Aquarium Compatibility

Good community fish especially with other African cichlids.

[edit] Breeding/Propagation

Sexual maturity starts at a length of about 8 cm (2 inches), when pair formation starts with breeding events almost certain to follow if the fish are properly fed and housed. Conditioning foods include live and frozen bloodworms and high-quality omnivore rations.

[edit] Notes

While males grow to about 15 cm (6 inches), females are smaller, at 10 cm (4 inches).

Image credit: JJ
Text credit: JL
Facts about Buffalo CichlidRDF feed
Common name Buffalo Cichlid  +, Blockhead Cichlid  +, Lionhead Cichlid  +, and Lumphead Cichlid  +
Family Cichlidae  +
Genus Steatocranus  +
Image credit JJ  +
Maximum length 4 in  +
Minimum aquarium size 30 gal  +
Native range Africa  +, Congo River Basin  +, and Malebo Pool  +
Specific name casuarius  +
Swimming level Near substrate.  +
Text credit JL  +
Water max temp 301 K (28 °C, 82 °F)  +
Water min temp 297 K (24 °C, 75 °F)  +
Water type Freshwater  +