Marine Plants and Algae

From Microcosm Aquarium Explorer

Caulerpa mexicana.jpg

Caulerpa mexicana, macroalgae used in refugia and for feeding, now banned in California. Bob Goemans

Aquatic Plants

Division Magnoliophyta

Flowering Plants

  • Number of Living Species: 230,000 (a fraction of a percent are marine).
  • Common Characteristics of seagrasses & mangroves: marine plants with the same basic structure as terrestrial flowering plants; adapted to saline water; able to grow when submerged; anchoring system to withstand wave action and tidal currents; water-pollinated.


Division Chlorophyta

Green Algae

Number of Living Species: 9,000-12,000, about 10 percent marine.

Common Characteristics: contain chlorophylls a and b; starch stored inside chloroplast.

Division Chromophyta

Diatoms, Golden Algae, Brown Algae, Kelps

  • Number of Living Species: 18,000, freshwater and marine.
  • Common Characteristics: most contain chlorophyll a; carotenoids present; starch stored outside chloroplast.

From: Reef Life by Denise Nielsen Tackett

Marine Plants and Algae

Marine BioGroups Plants and Algae families:

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 Marine Plants and Algae


Reference: Reef Life
Image credit: BG
Text credit: DNT