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Gramma loreto, Royal Gramma. Scott W. Michael

[edit] Overview

The grammas are a Western Atlantic family in which the lateral line is interrupted or absent, and the pelvic fins have one spine and five soft rays, with 11 to 13 spines in the dorsal fin. The largest member of the family attains 10 cm (3.9 in.).

All of these fishes occur on coral reefs or rubble slopes, and many live at great depths (deeper than 75 m [244 ft.]). Most of these fishes hover just above the substrate or hang upside down under ledges or in caves, feeding on passing zooplankters.


Native range:

Taxonomic rank: Family

Common name: GRAMMAS

Total known Total profiles
Subfamilies 0 0
Genera 2 2
Species 9 3

Captive care: One species in this family, the Royal Gramma (Gramma loreto), is one of the most popular aquarium fishes. Members of the genus Gramma are hardy and relatively docile, while species of the genus Lipogramma that enter the trade are diminutive, often secretive, and require special care. Provide plenty of hiding places, vertical rock faces, overhangs, and rubble substrates (for deep-water species). Lipogramma species may do better in dimly lit systems.

Use caution if adding more than one member of a species to a tank. Watch for and avoid individuals suffering from maladies related to improper decompression.

Feeding: Offer a varied diet that includes meaty foods and some enriched and color-enhancing prepared foods.

Notes: Nest builders. The eggs of at least some members of the family have a filament that anchors them to the substrate; the eggs are often deposited in a hole that the male lines with algae.

[edit] Subfamilies


[edit] Genera

[edit] Species

Facts about GrammatidaeRDF feed
Biogroup-Organism Marine Fishes  +
Common name GRAMMAS  +
Family taxonomic rank Family  +
Native range West Atlantic  +, and Caribbean  +
Reference 101 Best Saltwater Fishes  +