Chocolate Surgeonfish

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Acanthurus pyroferus - Kittlitz, 1834
Chocolate Surgeonfish

Image:Acanthurus pyroferus.jpg

Although the Chocolate Surgeonfish is not one of the more aggressive species in the genus, it is best to keep only one adult per tank. Scott W. Michael

[edit] Overview

This durable fish feeds on filamentous algae and diatoms. Its juvenile color mimics either the Lemonpeel Angelfish (Centropyge loriculus) or the Half Black Angelfish (C. vroliki). As it grows to a size that exceeds that of the angelfish model, it begins to develop its adult coloration, brown with an orange vertical splash behind the gills.

Family: Acanthuridae

Other common name(s):

  • Mimic Surgeonfish
  • Orange-gilled Surgeonfish
  • Yellowspot Surgeon

Native range:

Habitat: In the wild, this species prefers area of mixed coral, rock, or sand at the base of reefs or ledges and is found in lagoon and seaward reefs.

Maximum length: 25 cm (10 in)

Minimum aquarium size: 380 L (100 gal)

Water: Marine 24 °C (297 K, 75 °F) - 28 °C (301 K, 82 °F)

[edit] Feeding

Feed a mixed diet, the bulk of which should consist of vegetable matter. Give it frozen foods that contain the blue-green algae Spirulina, slices of zucchini, broccoli, and dried algae flakes or sheets. Vegetable matter should be introduced daily in an aquarium where algae is not present, and frozen foods should also be presented several times a day.

[edit] Aquarium Compatibility

It is not one of the more aggressive species, but will defend a preferred hiding place and may pick on a newcomer added to a smaller tank. Keep only one adult per tank. Juveniles of different colors will coexist.


Reference: A PocketExpert Guide to Reef Aquarium Fishes
Image credit: SWM
Text credit: SWM
Facts about Chocolate SurgeonfishRDF feed
Common name Chocolate Surgeonfish  +, Mimic Surgeonfish  +, Orange-gilled Surgeonfish  +, and Yellowspot Surgeon  +
Family Acanthuridae  +
Genus Acanthurus  +
Image credit SWM  +
Maximum length 10 in  +
Minimum aquarium size 100 gal  +
Native range Seychelles  +, Marquesan Islands  +, Tuamotu Islands  +, Southern Japan  +, Great Barrier Reef  +, and New Caledonia  +
Reference A PocketExpert Guide to Reef Aquarium Fishes  +
Specific name pyroferus  +
Text credit SWM  +
Water max temp 301 K (28 °C, 82 °F)  +
Water min temp 297 K (24 °C, 75 °F)  +
Water type Marine  +