Osphronemidae

From Microcosm Aquarium Explorer

Trichogaster leeri.jpg

Pair of Pearl Gouramis (Trichogaster leerii) Neil Hepworth

Overview

Denizens of shallow water that is often muddy and depleted of oxygen, these fishes have the ability to gulp air at the surface and process it in a labyrinth organ, hence a common name for the group: Labyrinth Fishes.

Subfamilies:

  • Belontiinae (combtail gouramies)
  • Luciocephalinae (gouramies and pikehead)
  • Macropodinae (Siamese fighting fishes, paradisefishes)
  • Osphroneminae (giant gouramies)

BioGroup:

Native range:

Taxonomic rank: Family

Common name: GOURAMIS and BETTAS


Total known Total profiles
Subfamilies 4 0
Genera 13 5
Species 49 12


Captive care: Easily cared for in most cases, although some species grow quite large.

Feeding: Omnivores that feed heavily on insects, insect larvae, and small crustaceans.

Notes: Bettas and many gouramis are bubblenest builders, but some members of the family are mouthbrooders.

Subfamilies

none

Genera

Species


Reference: Fishes of the World
Image credit: NH